Flower – Bloom or Blossom

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A flower, sometimes known as a bloom or blossom, is the reproductive structure found in plants that are floral (plants of the division Magnoliophyta, also called angiosperms). The biological function of a flower is to effect reproduction, usually by providing a mechanism for the union of sperm with eggs. Flowers may facilitate outcrossing (fusion of sperm and eggs from different individuals in a population) or allow selfing (fusion of sperm and egg from the same flower). Some flowers produce diaspores without fertilization (parthenocarpy). Flowers contain sporangia and are the site where gametophytes develop. Many flowers have evolved to be attractive to animals, so as to cause them to be vectors for the transfer of pollen. After fertilization, the ovary of the flower develops into fruit containing seeds.

In addition to facilitating the reproduction of flowering plants, flowers have long been admired and used by humans to beautify their environment, and also as objects of romance, ritual, religion, medicine and as a source of food.

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The common dandelion – Taraxacum officinale.

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Clicked at Munger, Bihar, India

A flowering herbaceous perennial plant of the family Asteraceae (Compositae). It can be found growing in temperate regions of the world, in lawns, on roadsides, on disturbed banks and shores of water ways, and other areas with moist soils. T. officinale is considered a weed, especially in lawns and along roadsides, but it is sometimes used as a medical herb and in food preparation. Common dandelion is well known for its yellow flower heads that turn into round balls of silver tufted fruits that disperse in the wind called “blowballs” or “clocks” (in both British and American English).

                                                          Dandelion greens, raw
Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz)
Energy 188 kJ (45 kcal)
9.2 g
Sugars 0.71 g
Dietary fiber 3.5 g
0.7 g
2.7 g
Vitamins
Vitamin A equiv.

(64%)

508 μg

(54%)

5854 μg

13610 μg
Thiamine (B1)
(17%)

0.19 mg

Riboflavin (B2)
(22%)

0.26 mg

Niacin (B3)
(5%)

0.806 mg

Pantothenic acid (B5)
(2%)

0.084 mg

Vitamin B6
(19%)

0.251 mg

Folate (B9)
(7%)

27 μg

Choline
(7%)

35.3 mg

Vitamin C
(42%)

35 mg

Vitamin E
(23%)

3.44 mg

Vitamin K
(741%)

778.4 μg

Minerals
Calcium
(19%)

187 mg

Iron
(24%)

3.1 mg

Magnesium
(10%)

36 mg

Manganese
(16%)

0.342 mg

Phosphorus
(9%)

66 mg

Potassium
(8%)

397 mg

Sodium
(5%)

76 mg

Zinc
(4%)

0.41 mg

Other constituents
Water 85.6 g

Percentages are roughly approximated using US recommendations for adults.
Source: USDA Nutrient Database