Marigold – Calendula

Mariegold.jpg

Plant of the genus Tagetes.

The genus name Calendula is a modern Latin diminutive of calendae, meaning “little calendar”, “little clock” or possibly “little weather-glass”. The common name “marigold” refers to the Virgin Mary.

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The common dandelion – Taraxacum officinale.

Dandelion.jpg
Clicked at Munger, Bihar, India

A flowering herbaceous perennial plant of the family Asteraceae (Compositae). It can be found growing in temperate regions of the world, in lawns, on roadsides, on disturbed banks and shores of water ways, and other areas with moist soils. T. officinale is considered a weed, especially in lawns and along roadsides, but it is sometimes used as a medical herb and in food preparation. Common dandelion is well known for its yellow flower heads that turn into round balls of silver tufted fruits that disperse in the wind called “blowballs” or “clocks” (in both British and American English).

                                                          Dandelion greens, raw
Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz)
Energy 188 kJ (45 kcal)
9.2 g
Sugars 0.71 g
Dietary fiber 3.5 g
0.7 g
2.7 g
Vitamins
Vitamin A equiv.

(64%)

508 μg

(54%)

5854 μg

13610 μg
Thiamine (B1)
(17%)

0.19 mg

Riboflavin (B2)
(22%)

0.26 mg

Niacin (B3)
(5%)

0.806 mg

Pantothenic acid (B5)
(2%)

0.084 mg

Vitamin B6
(19%)

0.251 mg

Folate (B9)
(7%)

27 μg

Choline
(7%)

35.3 mg

Vitamin C
(42%)

35 mg

Vitamin E
(23%)

3.44 mg

Vitamin K
(741%)

778.4 μg

Minerals
Calcium
(19%)

187 mg

Iron
(24%)

3.1 mg

Magnesium
(10%)

36 mg

Manganese
(16%)

0.342 mg

Phosphorus
(9%)

66 mg

Potassium
(8%)

397 mg

Sodium
(5%)

76 mg

Zinc
(4%)

0.41 mg

Other constituents
Water 85.6 g

Percentages are roughly approximated using US recommendations for adults.
Source: USDA Nutrient Database

Marigold – Tagetes, Genda Phool

Marigold.jpg

The name Tagetes is from the name of the Etruscan Tages, born from the plowing of the earth.

Common name in English, “marigold”, is derived from “Mary’s gold”, a name first applied to a similar plant native to Europe, Calendula officinalis.

In Nepal, it is called ‘शयपत्री’ that means hundred-leafed flower, referring to its many florets per head.